ActiveXperts Network Component

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DNS NsLookup using Visual Basic

Network Component provides an easy-to-use development interface to a variety of IP protocols. By using Network Component, you can very easily create or enhance applications with network features.

Network Component features the following: DNS, FTP, HTTP, HTTPs, ICMP Ping, IP-to-Country, MSN, NTP, RSH, SCP, SFTP, SNMP v1/v2c (Get, GetNext, Set), SNMP Traps, SNMP MIB, SSH, TCP, Telnet, TFTP, UDP, Telnet, Wake-On-LAN and more.

Network Component can be well integrated into any development platform that supports ActiveX objects.


The Domain Name System (DNS) is the method by which Internet addresses in mnemonic form - such as www.activexperts.com - are converted into the equivalent numeric IP address such as 212.97.55.136. To the user and application process this translation is a service provided either by the local host or from a remote host via the Internet. The DNS server (or resolver) may communicate with other Internet DNS servers if it cannot translate the address itself. DNS names are constructed hierarchically. The highest level of the hierarchy is the last component or label of the DNS address. Labels can be up to 63 characters long and are not case sensitive. A maximum length of 255 characters is allowed. Labels must start with a letter and can only consist of letters, digits and hyphens.

Nslookup is a popular program for UNIX, Linux and Windows to query Internet domain name servers. It allows the user to query name servers for information about various hosts and domains or to print a list of hosts in a domain.


Step 1: Download and install the Network Component

Download Network Component from the ActiveXperts Download Site and start the installation. The installation guides you through the installation process.

Step 2: Create a new Visual Basic project

Launch 'Microsoft Visual Basic' from the Start menu, and choose 'New' from the 'File Menu'. The 'New Project' dialog appears.
Select 'Standard Exe' and click 'OK':

Visual Basic

(Click on the picture to enlarge)

Step 3: Refer to the Network Component Library and create the objects

A new Project is created, with a blank form.

First, you must add a reference to Network Component in the project to be able to use the object. To do so, choose 'References...' from the 'Project' menu. In the 'References' dialog that pops up, enable the 'Network Component 3.1 Type Library' reference as shown in the following picture:

(Click on the picture to enlarge)

Click 'OK' to close the 'References...' dialog.

Then, select the Project form and choose 'View Code' from the context menu:

(Click on the picture to enlarge)

Step 4: Create the object

From the Code window, select 'Form'. The Private Sub 'Form_Load()' will be displayed now. In the 'Form Load' function, create the object in the following way:

Set objDnsServer = CreateObject("AxNetwork.DnsServer")

Appendix: Full source code

When the required DNS object is created, you can implement the code to query a hostname on a DNS server:

Option Explicit
Public objDnsServer As AxNetwork.DnsServer
Public objConstants As AxNetwork.NwConstants

Private Declare Function GetTempPath Lib "kernel32" Alias "GetTempPathA" (ByVal nBufferLength As Long, ByVal lpBuffer As String) As Long
Private Const MAX_PATH = 260

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Private Sub Form_Load()
  Set objDnsServer = CreateObject("AxNetwork.DnsServer")
  Set objConstants = CreateObject("AxNetwork.NwConstants")
  
  SetDefaultLogFile
  
  cmbType.AddItem ("A Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("NS Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("CNAME Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("SOA Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("PTR Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("MX Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("AAAA Record")
  cmbType.AddItem ("ANY Record")
  
  cmbType.ListIndex = 7
End Sub

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Private Sub btnLookup_Click()
  Dim lType As Long
  Dim objDnsRecord As DnsRecord
      
  Select Case (cmbType.ListIndex)
    Case 0
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_A
    Case 1
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_NS
    Case 2
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_CNAME
    Case 3
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_SOA
    Case 4
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_PTR
    Case 5
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_MX
    Case 6
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_AAAA
    Case 7
        lType = objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_ANY
  End Select
      
  objDnsServer.Server = txtServer.Text
  objDnsServer.LogFile = txtLogfile.Text
  
  objDnsServer.Lookup txtHost.Text, lType
 
  lsResult.Clear
      
  If (GetResult() = 0) Then
    
    Set objDnsRecord = objDnsServer.GetFirstRecord
    On Error Resume Next
        
    While (objDnsServer.LastError = 0)
  
      Select Case objDnsRecord.Type
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_A
          lsResult.AddItem ("Type: A")
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "IPv4 Address: " & objDnsRecord.Address
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_AAAA
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: AAAA"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "IPv6 Address: " & objDnsRecord.Address
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_CNAME
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: CNAME"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Alias: " & objDnsRecord.Address
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_MX
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: MX"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Preference: " & objDnsRecord.Preference
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Mail Exchange: " & objDnsRecord.MailExchange
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_NS
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: NS"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name Server: " & objDnsRecord.NameServer
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_PTR
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: PTR"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Host: " & objDnsRecord.Address
        Case objConstants.nwDNS_TYPE_SOA
          lsResult.AddItem "Type: SOA"
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name: " & objDnsRecord.Name
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Name Server: " & objDnsRecord.NameServer
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "MailBox: " & objDnsRecord.MailBox
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Serial: " & objDnsRecord.SerialNumber
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Refresh: " & objDnsRecord.RefreshInterval
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Retry Interval: " & objDnsRecord.RetryInterval
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Expiration Limit: " & objDnsRecord.ExpirationLimit
          lsResult.AddItem vbTab & "Minimum TTL: " & objDnsRecord.MinimumTTL
      End Select
    Set objDnsRecord = objDnsServer.GetNextRecord
    On Error Resume Next
    Wend
  End If
End Sub

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Private Sub btnView_Click()
  If FileExists(txtLogfile.Text) = True Then
      Shell "notepad " + txtLogfile.Text, vbNormalFocus
  End If
End Sub

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Public Function FileExists(sFileName As String) As Boolean
  FileExists = CBool(Len(Dir$(sFileName))) And CBool(Len(sFileName))
End Function

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Private Function GetResult() As Long
  Dim lResult As Long

  lResult = objDnsServer.LastError
  txtResult.Text = lResult & ": " & objDnsServer.GetErrorDescription(lResult)
 
  GetResult = lResult
End Function

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

Private Function SetDefaultLogFile()

  Dim Buffer As String
  Buffer = Space(MAX_PATH)
  
  If GetTempPath(MAX_PATH, Buffer) <> 0 Then
      txtLogfile.Text = Left$(Buffer, InStr(Buffer, vbNullChar) - 1) & "Dns.log"
  Else
      txtLogfile.Text = "C:\Dns.log"
  End If
End Function

'///////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////

You can download the complete sample on our FTP site ftp.activexperts-labs.com/samples/network-component/. There are many other working Network Component scripts on our site and shipped with the product.